- 1809 Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji captured Kangra Fort.
The Kangra Fort is located 20 kilometers from the town of Dharamsala on the outskirts of the town of Kangra, India. The fort was first mentioned in Alexander the Great’s war records, referring to the 4th century BC. The Kangra Fort was built by the royal Rajput family of Kangra (the Katoch dynasty), which traces its origins to the ancient Trigarta Kingdom, mentioned in the Mahabharata epic. It is the largest fort in the Himalayas and probably the oldest dated fort in India.
On 24th August 1920 Khalsa Forces under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji captured Kangra Fort. and It remained in the hands of the Sikhs till 1846 when it was made over to the British Government, along with the surrounding hills.
- 1820 Sardar Hari Singh Nalua reaches Kashmir and was appointed Nazim (Governor). He remained in this position for less than two years. During his reign, he freed agricultural labour from Begar and encouraged the shawl and wood carving industries by giving loans in cash and kind. He encouraged cultivating of saffron. The land revenue was reduced from Rs. 61 lakhs to Rs. 13 lakhs. It was enhanced later when agriculture production improved. Kashmiri shawls and woodwork were exported to Europe.
- 1920 Arur Singh (Manager of Sri Darbar Sahib and many other Sikh Shrines during 1907-1920c) present himself front of Khalsa Panth and apology for his acts of omission and commission relating to the management of the shrines under his charge.
On the evening of 24th August 1920 A huge Diwan Held in Jallianwala Bagh by Gurudwara Sewak Committee, Amritsar. here Arur Singh (1865-1926) present himself front of Khalsa Panth and apology for his Non-Sikhi acts of omission and commission relating to the management of the shrines under his charge. He was Manager of Sri Darbar Sahib and Jathedar of Sri Akal Takht Sahib Ji from 1907-1920c Time period on behalf of British Gov. He apologize for honouring of General Dyer (killer of Jallianwala Bagh) in 1920. Arur Singh was Nana (mother’s Father) of Sardar Simranjit Singh Mann.
More on Arur Singh===> Sardar Bahadur Sir Arur Singh (full name) (1865-1926), sarbarah (manager) of the principal Sikh shrines at Amritsar and Tarn Taran from 1907 to 1920, much maligned for his role during the popular movement for reform in the management of Sikh shrines, came of a well known Shergil family of Naushahra in Amritsar district, also called Naushahra Narigli, to distinguish it from another village sharing the same name, Naushahra Pannuan, in the same district. His grandfather, Jassa Singh, had been for two years in charge of the Golden Temple under Lahina Singh Majithia. Arur Singh was hardly four years old when his father, Harnam Singh, a deputy superintendent of police, died in 1868.
Brought up under a court of wards and educated at Government High School, Amritsar, Arur Singh came into full possession of his family estate in 1885. In 1888, he was made an honorary magistrate class II, with powers over 133 villages of Kathu Narigal police circle. In 1907 he was made magistrate class I and a provincial darbari (courtier), and was also appointed by government sarbarah in spite of the reformers` demand that the right to appoint the sarbarah should vest in the Sikh community itself. It was bruited about that Arur Singh had set apart for certain British officers valuable presents from the to shakhana (treasury) of the Darbar Sahib.
An agitation was set afoot against him on this account. However, it came to nothing; likewise, later complaints laid against him of mismanagement and corruption in the gurdwaras under his charge were rejected. Things came to a head when Arur Singh and the priests of Sri Darbar Sahib publicly honoured General Dyer, responsible for Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919. Demand for his removal as sarbarah gathered momentum day by day. Ultimately, Arur Singh bowed to the popular will.
He not only resigned the office of sarbarah but also tendered at a meeting at Jallianwala Bagh on 24 August 1920 a public apology for his acts of omission and commission relating to the management of the shrines under his charge. The government, however, in view of his loyal services, conferred on him a knighthood on the New Year Day of 1921. He had already been awarded a C. I. E. (Companion of the Indian Empire) in 1913; he now became Sardar Sir Arur Singh, K.C.I.E. (Knight Companion of the Indian Empire). Arur Singh died in 1926.
- 1932 Sikhs rejected the Communal Award.
====> Communal Award: The Communal Award was by the British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald on 16 August 1932 to grant separate electorates to minority communities in India, including Muslims, Sikhs, and Dalit (then known as the depressed classes or Untouchables) in India.
In August 1932, the then Prime Minister of Britain, Ramsay Macdonald gave his ‘award’ known as the Communal Award. According to it, separate representation was to be provided for the Muslims, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, Europeans, etc. The depressed classes were assigned a number of seats to be filled by election from special constituencies in which voters belonging to the depressed classes only could vote.
The Award was highly controversial and opposed by Mahatma Gandhi, who fasted in protest against it. Communal Award was supported by many among the minority communities, most notably the Dalit leader, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. After lengthy negotiations, Gandhi reached an agreement with Dr. Ambedkar to have a single Hindu electorate, with Dalits having seats reserved within it. This is called the Poona Pact. Electorates for other religions like Muslim and Sikh remained separate.
Akali Dal, the representative body of the Sikhs, was also highly critical of the Award, since only 19% reservation was provided to the Sikhs in Punjab, as opposed to the 51% reservation for the Muslims and 30% for the Hindus.
- 1933 Sardar Sewa Singh Thikriwala along with his partner Bhan Singh got arrested by Patiala Police under false allegations.
- 1984 7 SIkh Young Boys in Chandigarh hijack a Indian Airline Plane to protest against the Indian army attack on the Golden Temple – Sikhism’s holiest shrine.
On 24 August 1984 Tajinder Singh (leader of hijackers) with other 6 Sikh young boys hijack a Indian Airline which contain near about 102 Passengers. They Hijack this plane from Chandigarh, Punjab and land it in Dubai.
A News of 25 August 1984 from The New York Times:
SIKHS HIJACK A JETLINER, SAY U.S. IS THEIR GOAL
Published: August 25, 1984
MANAMA, Bahrain, Saturday, Aug. 25— At least half a dozen Sikhs demanding to go to the United States seized an Indian jetliner with about 100 people aboard on Friday, made two stops in Pakistan and one in the Middle East.
Airport officials in the United Arab Emirates said the short-range Indian Airlines Boeing 737 made a refueling stop in Dubai after landing in Lahore and Karachi, Pakistan.
People at the Bahrain airport said they overheard a radio exchange between the hijacked plane and the Dubai control tower, and it raised questions about the number of hijackers and how many people were aboard.
Previous reports said there were 6 hijackers, and Indian Airlines said there were 93 people aboard when the jet was seized on a flight from New Delhi to Srinagar in Kashmir. But the airport sources said the hijackers talking to Dubai said there were 12 of them and that there were 102 people aboard as the plane approached Dubai. The plane, which had stopped at Chandigarh in India before the hijacking, was forced to fly first to Lahore, Pakistan, and then 650 miles to Karachi after refueling.
The hijackers, who had threatened to starve the passengers, kill them one by one and blow up the plane, freed seven people in Pakistan – five in Lahore and two in Karachi.
Radio Pakistan said they were armed with a bomb or grenade and kirpans, the daggers traditionally worn by Sikhs. The weapons are exempt from Indian laws against carrying arms on aircraft. The two women released in Karachi said there were six ”young and jittery” hijackers armed with two pistols and carrying four packages wrapped in newspaper – said to be explosives.
About two hours before leaving Karachi, the plane tried to fly out but was delayed until a hydraulic fault was repaired by Pakistani engineers.
The authorities in India said the hijackers’ demands included freedom for imprisoned supporters of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, the Sikh extremist leader who was killed in the Indian army attack on the Sikhs’ sacred Golden Temple in early June.
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s Cabinet, meeting in an emergency session in New Delhi, decided not to accept any demand of the hijackers.
Fourteen hours after seizing the plane, the hijackers allowed food to be brought to the passengers and crew at Karachi International Airport, officials in Islamabad said.
It was the second Indian jetliner hijacked to Pakistan by Sikh extremists in less than two months. The previous hijacking ended without fatalities.
The 737 does fly the Atlantic but in multiple hops with special equipment on board.
Another News from Globe and Mail : August 25, 1984
Hijackers head out of Karachi —
KARACHI (Reuter) — A hijacked Indian airliner took off from Karachi early today after refuelling at its second stop in Pakistan after being commandeered by dagger-wielding Sikh separatists, a Government spokesman said.
The hijackers, numbering either six or 12 according to conflicting reports, have released seven hostages. There were 85 people aboard the Boeing 737 jetliner when it left Karachi.
The plane’s destination was unknown, but the hijackers had demanded route maps for Dubai, Sharjah and Abu Dhabi and weather reports from the Persian Gulf.
A hydraulic problem delayed an earlier takeoff attempt. Airport sources said they did not know whether the problem had been dealt with.
In Lahore, the plane’s first stop, the hijackers had threatened to kill the passengers and blow up the plane if it was not refuelled and allowed to take off for the United States. The aircraft stayed in Lahore for more than nine hours before flying to Karachi to take on more fuel.
An outlawed Sikh student group claimed responsibility for the hijacking, accusing the Indian Government of holding 28,000 Sikhs after a crackdown on separatists in north Punjab.
A crippled passenger freed in Lahore, Mohaish Kumardhar, said the hijackers were armed with two bombs and the daggers traditionally carried by Sikhs. The Pakistani spokesman said they were also believed to have at least two pistols.
The Indian Airlines twin-engine jet carried 86 passengers and six crew members when it was commandeered yesterday on a flight from Chandigarh to Srinagar in northwest India.
Five hostages — Mr. Kumardhar, his wife and child, and two Norwegian women — were released when the plane stopped in Lahore, just across the border into Pakistan. Two ailing Sikh women, one Indian and one British, were freed in Karachi.
After landing in Lahore, the hijackers made several demands, including the release of fellow Sikhs being held, in Pakistani prisons for earlier hijackings. They threatened to kill the passengers one by one and then blow up the plane if their demands were not met, an airport official said. But the threats were not carried out.
India’s Civil Aviation Minister, Kursheed Alam Khan, identified the leader of the hijackers as a Sikh in his 20s named Malawar Khan. He told Parliament that one of the men claimed to be a pilot, and had told authorities he would fly the Boeing to the United States himself.
Among the band’s demands, airport authorities said, was the release of 14 Sikhs being held in Pakistan following two earlier hijackings of Indian aircraft to Pakistan, one seven weeks ago and one in 1981. They also demanded the creation of an independent Sikh nation in Punjab.
Pakistani authorities finally allowed the aircraft to leave Lahore.
- 1989 Karnail Singh (s/o S. Shingara Singh from Ghankia, Fatehgarh Churian, Dist Gurdaspur) was killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.
- 1989 Bhai Darshan Singh Ranjitgarh attain Shaheedi.
Bhai Darshan Singh Ranjitgarh was born on the 5th of March 1967 in the house of Sardar Teja Singh Dhillon and from the womb of Mata Gurdev Kaur in the village of Bhure Khurd, district Ferozepur. Bhai Sahib was the eldest of five brothers and sisters.
On 24th August 1989, was the day that Bhai Sahib had been anxiously waiting for. Bhai Sahib was staying at a house on the outskirts of Rode village. On this day Bhai Amrik Singh Muktsar and Bhai Sadhu Singh Rode were with Bhai Sahib, these Singh where about to have food when all of a sudden police surrounded the village. All three Singhs came out of the house with their assault rifles and walked in different directions. Jagdish Rai Sharma was in command of the police force and he ordered his force to only get Darshan Singh and leave the other 2 Singh’s. The other 2 Singh’s managed to escape but Bhai Sahib went into a cotton field and lay down on the ground. The SSP Jagdish Rai Sharma sent his constable to find Bhai Sahib. When the Sikh Constables saw Bhai Sahib they thought, that Bhai Sahib is a great warrior if we arrest him the SSP will kill him, for this reason the Sikh constables went back and told they SSP that they can’t find Bhai Sahib. In this amount of time the CRPF had also come on the scene, when the SSP sent the CRPF personnel in the field to find Bhai Sahib, the CRPF had managed to arrest Bhai Sahib. They tied Bhai Sahib’s hands to his back and took him to near a school where there was a small police station.
Here ASI Fauja Singh swore at Bhai Sahib and slapped him, but Bhai Sahib had his eyes closed and recited Gurbani, then the ASI laid Bhai Sahib down in a ditch and shot him in the waist and then in the temple. The flowing blood of Bhai Sahib was making the foundation of Khalistan even stronger.
- 1991 Bhupinder Singh (s/o S. Hardial Singh from Doomwali, Bathinda) and Maghar Singh (s/o S. Mukhtiar Singh from Ladhewal, Near Jabhu Majra, Sangrur) were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.
- 1992 Sukhchain Singh Duggal (from Patiala), Jarnail Singh Tunda Babbar, Amreek Singh and Dharamveer Singh were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.
-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer
- 1993 Bhai Ajegurpreetpal Singh (Babeki Singh) of Bhindranwale Tigers Force Sheena Group attain Shaheedi.
Shaheed Bhai AjegurpreetPal Singh alias Babeki SIngh of Bhindranwale Tigers Force Sheena Group was the right Hand man of Shaheed Bhai Satnam Singh Sheena. On The day of 24 august 1993 police cats gave his all information to the Indian security forces. Then Jalandhar Police under command of DSP Gurdev Singh had joint operation with Punjab Police Patiala & BSF reached at his hiding place near Bassi Pathana Distt Patiala Now in ( fatehgarh Sahib). All of his weapons were stolen by the police cats before. He only had a Pistol And 6 Rounds. On that farm house he was alone and old woman who was mother of the owner of that farm house was there she her family was also with police to make money. while police and commandos were take their positions he was doing nitnem in his bunker type room. Then That Old woman called him and she asked him to set the TV antenna on top floor of the house when he went their to set the antenna he saw police around. They Police opened the Fire on him he got shot in the right side of his chest he run back to his bunker to took his arms to fight with them when he saw there was no any weapon left he realized that everyone is sold to the police. He took his pistol and take his position in his bunker when the police entered in house he opened the fire of his pistol. He only have six rounds. He did not want to waste a single bullet where it was very valuable. With his fire two of the police man were killed and one was one was injured. Now he had no any other bullet left. and he was seriously injured because he got bullet on his chest before. After Some time when no any fire came from his side police start firing heavily they understand that he was injured or he had no other bullets / ammos. They Captured him. But there is mystery of His Shaheedi someone said that he was Shaheed in this encounter But others says that he was captured and then tutored by police then got Shaheedi on next day. He had a very high jeevan he follows the maryada of Bibeek thats way he was known as Bibeeki Singh also. He was A good athlete also while he was studying in Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana He got Gold medal in 3000 meter running. He was good player of hockey also.