Today in Sikh History: 24th August

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  • 1809 Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji captured Kangra Fort.
    Kangra Fort

    Kangra Fort

    The Kangra Fort is located 20 kilometers from the town of Dharamsala on the outskirts of the town of Kangra, India. The fort was first mentioned in Alexander the Great’s war records, referring to the 4th century BC. The Kangra Fort was built by the royal Rajput family of Kangra (the Katoch dynasty), which traces its origins to the ancient Trigarta Kingdom, mentioned in the Mahabharata epic. It is the largest fort in the Himalayas and probably the oldest dated fort in India.

On 24th August 1920 Khalsa Forces under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji captured Kangra Fort. and It remained in the hands of the Sikhs till 1846 when it was made over to the British Government, along with the surrounding hills.

  • 1820 Sardar Hari Singh Nalua reaches Kashmir and was appointed Nazim (Governor). He remained in this position for less than two years. During his reign, he freed agricultural labour from Begar and encouraged the shawl and wood carving industries by giving loans in cash and kind. He encouraged cultivating of saffron. The land revenue was reduced from Rs. 61 lakhs to Rs. 13 lakhs. It was enhanced later when agriculture production improved. Kashmiri shawls and woodwork were exported to Europe.

    Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa

    Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa

Read Biography of Sardar Hari Singh Nalua

  • 1920 Arur Singh (Manager of Sri Darbar Sahib and many other Sikh Shrines during 1907-1920c) present himself front of Khalsa Panth and apology for his acts of omission and commission relating to the management of the shrines under his charge.
    Shri Darbar Sahib Manager Arur Singh in 1920.

    Shri Darbar Sahib Manager Arur Singh in 1920.

    On the evening of 24th August 1920 A huge Diwan Held in Jallianwala Bagh by Gurudwara Sewak Committee, Amritsar. here Arur Singh (1865-1926) present himself front of Khalsa Panth and apology for his Non-Sikhi acts of omission and commission relating to the management of the shrines under his charge. He was Manager of Sri Darbar Sahib and Jathedar of Sri Akal Takht Sahib Ji from 1907-1920c Time period on behalf of British Gov. He apologize for honouring of General Dyer (killer of Jallianwala Bagh) in 1920. Arur Singh was Nana (mother’s Father) of Sardar Simranjit Singh Mann.

More on Arur Singh===> Sardar Bahadur Sir Arur Singh (full name) (1865-1926), sarbarah (manager) of the principal Sikh shrines at Amritsar and Tarn Taran from 1907 to 1920, much maligned for his role during the popular movement for reform in the management of Sikh shrines, came of a well known Shergil family of Naushahra in Amritsar district, also called Naushahra Narigli, to distinguish it from another village sharing the same name, Naushahra Pannuan, in the same district. His grandfather, Jassa Singh, had been for two years in charge of the Golden Temple under Lahina Singh Majithia. Arur Singh was hardly four years old when his father, Harnam Singh, a deputy superintendent of police, died in 1868.

Brought up under a court of wards and educated at Government High School, Amritsar, Arur Singh came into full possession of his family estate in 1885. In 1888, he was made an honorary magistrate class II, with powers over 133 villages of Kathu Narigal police circle. In 1907 he was made magistrate class I and a provincial darbari (courtier), and was also appointed by government sarbarah in spite of the reformers` demand that the right to appoint the sarbarah should vest in the Sikh community itself. It was bruited about that Arur Singh had set apart for certain British officers valuable presents from the to shakhana (treasury) of the Darbar Sahib.
An agitation was set afoot against him on this account. However, it came to nothing; likewise, later complaints laid against him of mismanagement and corruption in the gurdwaras under his charge were rejected. Things came to a head when Arur Singh and the priests of Sri Darbar Sahib publicly honoured General Dyer, responsible for Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919. Demand for his removal as sarbarah gathered momentum day by day. Ultimately, Arur Singh bowed to the popular will.

He not only resigned the office of sarbarah but also tendered at a meeting at Jallianwala Bagh on 24 August 1920 a public apology for his acts of omission and commission relating to the management of the shrines under his charge. The government, however, in view of his loyal services, conferred on him a knighthood on the New Year Day of 1921. He had already been awarded a C. I. E. (Companion of the Indian Empire) in 1913; he now became Sardar Sir Arur Singh, K.C.I.E. (Knight Companion of the Indian Empire). Arur Singh died in 1926.

  • 1932 Sikhs rejected the Communal Award.

====> Communal Award: The Communal Award was by the British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald on 16 August 1932 to grant separate electorates to minority communities in India, including Muslims, Sikhs, and Dalit (then known as the depressed classes or Untouchables) in India.

In August 1932, the then Prime Minister of Britain, Ramsay Macdonald gave his ‘award’ known as the Communal Award. According to it, separate representation was to be provided for the Muslims, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, Europeans, etc. The depressed classes were assigned a number of seats to be filled by election from special constituencies in which voters belonging to the depressed classes only could vote.

The Award was highly controversial and opposed by Mahatma Gandhi, who fasted in protest against it. Communal Award was supported by many among the minority communities, most notably the Dalit leader, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. After lengthy negotiations, Gandhi reached an agreement with Dr. Ambedkar to have a single Hindu electorate, with Dalits having seats reserved within it. This is called the Poona Pact. Electorates for other religions like Muslim and Sikh remained separate.

Akali Dal, the representative body of the Sikhs, was also highly critical of the Award, since only 19% reservation was provided to the Sikhs in Punjab, as opposed to the 51% reservation for the Muslims and 30% for the Hindus.

  • 1933 Sardar Sewa Singh Thikriwala along with his partner Bhan Singh got arrested by Patiala Police under false allegations.

    Sewa Singh Thikriwala

    Sewa Singh Thikriwala

Read Biography of Sardar Sewa Singh Thikriwala

  • 1984 7 SIkh Young Boys in Chandigarh hijack a Indian Airline Plane  to protest against the Indian army attack on the Golden Temple – Sikhism’s holiest shrine.

On 24 August 1984 Tajinder Singh (leader of hijackers) with other 6 Sikh young boys hijack a Indian Airline which contain near about 102 Passengers. They Hijack this plane from Chandigarh, Punjab and land it in Dubai.

A News of 25 August 1984 from The New York Times:

SIKHS HIJACK A JETLINER, SAY U.S. IS THEIR GOAL

AP
Published: August 25, 1984

MANAMA, Bahrain, Saturday, Aug. 25— At least half a dozen Sikhs demanding to go to the United States seized an Indian jetliner with about 100 people aboard on Friday, made two stops in Pakistan and one in the Middle East.

Airport officials in the United Arab Emirates said the short-range Indian Airlines Boeing 737 made a refueling stop in Dubai after landing in Lahore and Karachi, Pakistan.

People at the Bahrain airport said they overheard a radio exchange between the hijacked plane and the Dubai control tower, and it raised questions about the number of hijackers and how many people were aboard.

Previous reports said there were 6 hijackers, and Indian Airlines said there were 93 people aboard when the jet was seized on a flight from New Delhi to Srinagar in Kashmir. But the airport sources said the hijackers talking to Dubai said there were 12 of them and that there were 102 people aboard as the plane approached Dubai. The plane, which had stopped at Chandigarh in India before the hijacking, was forced to fly first to Lahore, Pakistan, and then 650 miles to Karachi after refueling.

The hijackers, who had threatened to starve the passengers, kill them one by one and blow up the plane, freed seven people in Pakistan – five in Lahore and two in Karachi.

Radio Pakistan said they were armed with a bomb or grenade and kirpans, the daggers traditionally worn by Sikhs. The weapons are exempt from Indian laws against carrying arms on aircraft. The two women released in Karachi said there were six ”young and jittery” hijackers armed with two pistols and carrying four packages wrapped in newspaper – said to be explosives.

About two hours before leaving Karachi, the plane tried to fly out but was delayed until a hydraulic fault was repaired by Pakistani engineers.

The authorities in India said the hijackers’ demands included freedom for imprisoned supporters of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, the Sikh extremist leader who was killed in the Indian army attack on the Sikhs’ sacred Golden Temple in early June.

Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s Cabinet, meeting in an emergency session in New Delhi, decided not to accept any demand of the hijackers.

Fourteen hours after seizing the plane, the hijackers allowed food to be brought to the passengers and crew at Karachi International Airport, officials in Islamabad said.

It was the second Indian jetliner hijacked to Pakistan by Sikh extremists in less than two months. The previous hijacking ended without fatalities.

The 737 does fly the Atlantic but in multiple hops with special equipment on board.

Another News from Globe and Mail : August 25, 1984

Hijackers head out of Karachi 

KARACHI (Reuter) — A hijacked Indian air­liner took off from Karachi early today after refuelling at its second stop in Pakistan after being commandeered by dagger-wielding Sikh separatists, a Government spokesman said.

The hijackers, numbering either six or 12 according to conflicting reports, have released seven hostages. There were 85 people aboard the Boeing 737 jetliner when it left Karachi.

The plane’s destination was unknown, but the hijackers had demanded route maps for Dubai, Sharjah and Abu Dhabi and weather reports  from the Persian Gulf.

A hydraulic problem delayed an earlier takeoff attempt. Airport sources said they did not know whether the problem had been dealt with.

In Lahore, the plane’s first stop, the hijackers had threatened to kill the passengers and blow up the plane if it was not refuelled and allowed to take off for the United States. The aircraft stayed in Lahore for more than nine hours before flying to Karachi to take on more fuel.

An outlawed Sikh student group claimed responsibility for the hijacking, accusing the Indian Government of holding 28,000 Sikhs after a crackdown on separatists in north Punjab.

A crippled passenger freed in Lahore, Mohaish Kumardhar, said the hijackers were armed with two bombs and the daggers traditionally carried by Sikhs. The Pakistani spokesman said they were also believed to have at least two pistols.

The Indian Airlines twin-engine jet carried 86 passengers and six crew members when it was commandeered yesterday on a flight from Chandigarh to Srinagar in northwest India.

Five hostages — Mr. Kumardhar, his wife and child, and two Norwegian women — were released when the plane stopped in Lahore, just across the border into Pakistan. Two ailing Sikh women, one Indian and one British, were freed in Karachi.

After landing in Lahore, the hijackers made several demands, including the release of fellow Sikhs being held, in Pakistani prisons for earlier hijackings. They threatened to kill the passengers one by one and then blow up the plane if their demands were not met, an airport official said. But the threats were not carried out.

India’s Civil Aviation Minister, Kursheed Alam Khan, identified the leader of the hijackers as a Sikh in his 20s named Malawar Khan. He told Parliament that one of the men claimed to be a pilot, and had told authorities he would fly the Boeing to the United States himself.

Among the band’s demands, airport authorities said, was the release of 14 Sikhs being held in Pakistan following two earlier hijackings of Indian aircraft to Pakistan, one seven weeks ago and one in 1981. They also demanded the creation of an independent Sikh nation in Punjab.

Pakistani authorities finally allowed the aircraft to leave Lahore.

More @ SikhMuseum.com & BBC World

  • 1989 Karnail Singh (s/o S. Shingara Singh from Ghankia, Fatehgarh Churian, Dist Gurdaspur) was killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.
  • 1989 Bhai Darshan Singh Ranjitgarh attain Shaheedi.

    Bhai Darshan Singh Ranjitgarh

    Bhai Darshan Singh Ranjitgarh

Bhai Darshan Singh Ranjitgarh was born on the 5th of March 1967 in the house of Sardar Teja Singh Dhillon and from the womb of Mata Gurdev Kaur in the village of Bhure Khurd, district Ferozepur. Bhai Sahib was the eldest of five brothers and sisters.

On 24th August 1989, was the day that Bhai Sahib had been anxiously waiting for. Bhai Sahib was staying at a house on the outskirts of Rode village. On this day Bhai Amrik Singh Muktsar and Bhai Sadhu Singh Rode were with Bhai Sahib, these Singh where about to have food when all of a sudden police surrounded the village. All three Singhs came out of the house with their assault rifles and walked in different directions. Jagdish Rai Sharma was in command of the police force and he ordered his force to only get Darshan Singh and leave the other 2 Singh’s. The other 2 Singh’s managed to escape but Bhai Sahib went into a cotton field and lay down on the ground. The SSP Jagdish Rai Sharma sent his constable to find Bhai Sahib. When the Sikh Constables saw Bhai Sahib they thought, that Bhai Sahib is a great warrior if we arrest him the SSP will kill him, for this reason the Sikh constables went back and told they SSP that they can’t find Bhai Sahib. In this amount of time the CRPF had also come on the scene, when the SSP sent the CRPF personnel in the field to find Bhai Sahib, the CRPF had managed to arrest Bhai Sahib. They tied Bhai Sahib’s hands to his back and took him to near a school where there was a small police station.

Here ASI Fauja Singh swore at Bhai Sahib and slapped him, but Bhai Sahib had his eyes closed and recited Gurbani, then the ASI laid Bhai Sahib down in a ditch and shot him in the waist and then in the temple. The flowing blood of Bhai Sahib was making the foundation of Khalistan even stronger.

-Read full @ 1984Tribute.com

  • 1991 Bhupinder Singh (s/o S. Hardial Singh from Doomwali, Bathinda) and Maghar Singh (s/o S. Mukhtiar Singh from Ladhewal, Near Jabhu Majra, Sangrur) were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.
  • 1992 Sukhchain Singh Duggal (from Patiala), Jarnail Singh Tunda Babbar, Amreek Singh and Dharamveer Singh were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

  • 1993 Bhai Ajegurpreetpal Singh (Babeki Singh) of Bhindranwale Tigers Force Sheena Group attain Shaheedi.

    Bhai AjegurpreetPal Singh

    Bhai AjegurpreetPal Singh

Shaheed Bhai AjegurpreetPal Singh alias Babeki SIngh of Bhindranwale Tigers Force Sheena Group was the right Hand man of Shaheed Bhai Satnam Singh Sheena. On The day of 24 august 1993 police cats gave his all information to the Indian security forces. Then Jalandhar Police under command of DSP Gurdev Singh had joint operation with Punjab Police Patiala & BSF reached at his hiding place near Bassi Pathana Distt Patiala Now in ( fatehgarh Sahib). All of his weapons were stolen by the police cats before. He only had a Pistol And 6 Rounds. On that farm house he was alone and old woman who was mother of the owner of that farm house was there she her family was also with police to make money. while police and commandos were take their positions he was doing nitnem in his bunker type room. Then That Old woman called him and she asked him to set the TV antenna on top floor of the house when he went their to set the antenna he saw police around. They Police opened the Fire on him he got shot in the right side of his chest he run back to his bunker to took his arms to fight with them when he saw there was no any weapon left he realized that everyone is sold to the police. He took his pistol and take his position in his bunker when the police entered in house he opened the fire of his pistol. He only have six rounds. He did not want to waste a single bullet where it was very valuable. With his fire two of the police man were killed and one was one was injured. Now he had no any other bullet left. and he was seriously injured because he got bullet on his chest before. After Some time when no any fire came from his side police start firing heavily they understand that he was injured or he had no other bullets / ammos. They Captured him. But there is mystery of His Shaheedi someone said that he was Shaheed in this encounter But others says that he was captured and then tutored by police then got Shaheedi on next day. He had a very high jeevan he follows the maryada of Bibeek thats way he was known as Bibeeki Singh also. He was A good athlete also while he was studying in Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana He got Gold medal in 3000 meter running. He was good player of hockey also.

-Ref 1984Tribute.com

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Today in Sikh History: 23rd August

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  • 1507 Nanak visits the house of God from river Bein.

In the morning, Guru Nanak went to the river Bein to take a bath but didn’t return. Everyone thought he had drowned. But apparently, he visited the house of God where he spent three days before returning to our world. While there he was offered a cup of nectar and was ordered to drink it. Guru nanak was terrified. All he could see was the blinding light and all he could hear was God’s commanding voice. God ordered Guru Nanak Dev to return back to the world and spread the message of love and peace. God said he had appointed Guru Nanak Dev as His messenger. He returned at the same place he had disappeared from three days earlier. The people were horrified by the miracle of his disappearing in the river and reappearing from the same place three days later.

-Ref. The Sikh Religion and The Sikh People, by Dr. S.S. Kapoor, Hemkunt Press, New Delhi, 1992.

  • 1921 Gurudwara Guru-ka-Bagh captured by Sikh Sangat.
  • 1922 Babbars appeal for Panthic unity through Babbar Akali Doaba newspaper.

==> BABBAR AKALI DOABA – newspaper was the organ of the Babbar Akalis and it effectively spread their message in the Doaba. In all 15 issues were released from Aug. 20, 1922 to May 21, 1923. Karam Singh of Daulatpur brought out its two issues, while the rest, except three, were the work of Jathedhar Kishan Singh Gargaj. Despite best efforts, no copies of this newspapers could be located. However, all available extracts can be traced to contemporary newspapers and the court records.

-Ref. Babbar Akali Movement, A Historical Survey, by Gurcharan Singh, Aman Publications, 1993.

  • 1940 Congress betrays Sikhs in Punjab in return for an overall settlement.
  • 1978 Sant Nischal Singh Ji Sewa Panthi, a devoted member of Panthic Sewaks, passed away.
    Sant Nischal Singh Ji Sewa Panthi

    Sant Nischal Singh Ji Sewa Panthi

    Sant Nischal Singh Ji Sevapanthi (1882-1978), widely respected holy man, preacher of Sikhism and head of the Sevapanthi sect of the Sikhs (1950-78), was born on 18 April 1882, the son of Bhai Amir Singh and Mat Piar Kaur, a pious couple of Mittha Tiwana in Shahpur (Sargodha) district of Pakistan Punjab. Nishchal Singh lost his father at the age of five and was brought up under the care of his eldest brother, Mahitab Singh. Mahitab Singh, himself a devoted Sevapanthi saint, led Nishchal Singh to take to the same path. He sent him to Varanasi for higher learning.

Nishchal Singh, having attained proficiency in Sanskrit studies at Varanasi, spent another seven years at Haridvar studying traditional Indian philosophy. He was particularly attracted to Vedant which he found somewhat akin to Sikh thought. His wide knowledge of Sanskrit literature and philosophy earned him the sobriquet of pandit. He returned to Mittha Tiwana after completing his education in 1914, and vowed to dedicate his life to the propagation of gurmat (Sikhism), spread of education and to humanitarian service.

Mittha Tiwana was the centre of his activities in the beginning. Here with the help and guidance of his brother, Mahitab Singh, was founded the Guru Nanak High School, in 1914. In 1925, he shifted to Mandi Bahauddin, a subdivisional town in Jehlum district, and started teaching and preaching in Santpura Dera, a Sevapanthi seminary, 3 km outside the town.From here he also went out on long preaching tours to places as far apart as Mirpur in Jammu and Kashmir and Dera Isma`il Khan in North-West Frontier Province.

In 1930-31, he undertook a six month long journey travelling leisurely and visiting Sikh shrines on the way to preach the word of Guru Nanak at important towns in the Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The tour terminated at Nanded in what was then the princely state of Hyderabad. He undertook similar tours, by train, in 1940, 1965 and 1973. The buildings of Sri Takht Harimandar at Patna Sahib had suffered serious damage during an earthquake in 1934, necessitating reconstruction and renovation.

The supervision of this work was entrusted to Sant Nishchal Singh. He was at Patna Sahib in 1947 when the partition of the country and the unprecedented carnage and mass migration of population took place. Dera Santpura at Mandi Bahauddin had its share of the consequent disruption and disaster. Sant Nishchal Singh`s brother Sant Mahitab Singh, a dedicated, luminous soul and lifelong bachelor like himself, died along with about 700 others who had sought refuge in the premises, fighting against a horde of Muslim fanatics who had attacked them.

Sant Nishchal Singh reestablished Dera Santpura in 1952 at Yamunanagar, now a well known industrial town in Haryana.The kdrsevd at Patna Sahib completed by 1957, he made Yamunanagar his permanent residence although his preaching tours continued almost till the end which came on 23 August 1978. Besides administering the Khalsa pdhul to thousands of seekers. Pandit Sant Nishchal Singh`s most memorable contribution was in the field of education.

He established several schools and colleges, outside the Punjab, which besides general education provided for the teaching of the Punjabi language and Sikh religion. In addition to separate secondary schools and colleges for boys and girls, other educational institutions founded by him included Guru Gobind Singh College, Patna Sahib, Khalsa School, Gauhati (Assam), Khalsa School, Ranch! (Bihar), and Khalsa School Gurdwara Bari Sarigat, Calcutta (West Bengal).

References: Jagjit Kaur, Jivan Britant Pandat Sant Nishchal Singh Ji. Jalandhar, 1988

  • 1987 Sardool Singh (a poor house construction worker) and a Kharkoo Singh Bhai Pritam Singh were killed in fake encounter by Punjab Police.
  • 1991 Dr Bhai Barjinder Singh Panjwar attain Shaheedi in Village Sharata Sahib.

on 23rd August 1991, Bhai Sahib was staying at a house in village Sharata Sahib with Bhai Tarlochan Singh. It was 11am, both singhs had bath and were drying their hair and watching TV. The DSP and SHO of the Sharata Police were tracking the singhs and had surrounded the house, but Bhai Sahib and Bhai Tarlochan Singh were unarmed and did not want to be taken by the police alive. The DSP asked Bhai Sahib to surrender and come to the police station. But Bhai Sahib and Bhai Tarlochan Singh replied ‘no’, both singhs were ready to take on the well-equipped police force even if the singhs were unarmed. The DSP then grabbed Bhai Sahib’s hair and started pulling Bhai Sahib out of the house, the SHO did the same with Bhai Tarlochan Singh’s hair, but Bhai Tarlochan Singh fought back by punching and kicking the police officers. As Bhai Sahib was being pulled outside, Bhai Sahib grabbed the hand of the DSP and bit it really hard and didn’t let loose. The DSP was crying in pain, ‘oi mein margaya, oi khalaya minu, oi shadavo minu.’ As the police officers try to take Bhai Sahib of the DSP, the DSP was also getting dragged around, but Bhai Sahib was not letting go of the DSP’s hand, on the other hand Bhai Tarlochan Singh was also through police officers about. The police had witnessed such encounter for the first time, 2 unarmed Sikhs were taking on the fully equipped police force. The locals watching this were reminded of 18th century Sikhs, Bhai Bota Singh and Bhai Garja Singh. The war cries of ‘Khalistan Zindabaad’ were being shouted by the singhs and also verbal abuse was given to the police as well as physical. Bhai Sahib was not letting go of DSP’s hand, the police could not control these 2 warriors and kept on falling on the ground. After 20 minutes of this brawl the police fired bullets at both singhs. After being shot 6-7 times Bhai Sahib still did not let go of DSP’s hand. Bhai Sahib and Bhai Tarlochan Singh attained shaheedi, and the police officers freed the hand of the DSP by puling Bhai Sahib of the hand. The bloodied bodies of the 2 singhs were put in the jeep and taken to the hospital for the post-mortem. After the bodies were taken to a local Hindu temple, Seetala Mandir in Amritsar where the bodies were cremated.

-Read full @ 1984Tribute.com

  • 1992 Narinder Singh (s/o Indermohan Varma from Bhago Majra, near Kharar), Amreek Singh (s/o S. Sawaran Singh from Makhanwindi), Satnam Singh aka Sakatar Singh (s/o S. Gurnam Singh from Tollo Nangal), Hardeep Singh aka Deepa (s/o S. Kulwant Singh from Kakkar Tarie), Balwinder Singh Mand, Gurdarshan Singh, Sher Singh, Darshan Singh, Satbeer Singh and 8 Sikhs were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

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Today in Sikh History: 22nd August

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  • 1922 Guru Ka Bagh Morcha was initiated.

    Guru Ka Bagh Morch: Sikhs being beaten with long battens under the directions of SGM Beaty

    Guru Ka Bagh Morch: Sikhs being beaten with long battens under the directions of SGM Beaty

  • 1936 Gandhi labels the proposed conversion of 5 million untouchables to Sikhism as A Dangerous Proposal. He brought into recirculation the term Harijan, children of God, for depressed classes.
  • 1960 Retired Colonel Jorawar Singh Dutt was killed in police custody due to heart attack during Punjabi Subha Morcha.
  • 1986 Sardar Sobha Singh, the renowned painter, passed away in Chandigarh, Punjab.
    Sardar Sobha Singh (1901-1986)

    Sardar Sobha Singh (1901-1986)

    Read Biography of Sobha Singh

  • 1990 Bibi Amarjeet Kaur (w/o S. Sardool Singh from Meh Nanaksar, Tarn Taran) was killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.
  • 1992 Jagtar Saingh Kookar (from Kaunke Khurd), Baldev Singh Billu ghuman Klan, Raj Singh Raji and more 24 Sikhs were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

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Today in Sikh History: 21st August

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  • 1604 Sahib Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji married to Mata Damodari Ji at Village Dalla, Kapurthala.

Mata Damodari Ji was daughter of Narain Das, a Julka Khatri of the village of Dalla, 6 km southeast of Sultanpur Lodhi in Kapurthala district of the Punjab, She was married to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji (1595-1644) on 15 February 1605. She gave birth to a son, Baba Gurditta Ji (b. 1613), and a daughter, Bibi Viro Ji (b. 1615). She died at Darauli Bhai now in Faridkot district on 13 July 1631. A small shrine on the outskirts of the village marks the site where the cremation took place.

Gurudwara Shri Vivah Asthan Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, Dalla Kapurthala

Gurudwara Shri Vivah Asthan Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, Dalla Kapurthala

A Gurudwara: Gurudwara Shri Vivah Asthan Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji is situated in Village Dalla, Teh Sultanpur Lodhi Distt Kapurthala. where Marriage of SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI with Mata Damodari Ji took place. Along with GURU SAHIB was SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI, were Baba Bhuda ji, Bhai Gurdas ji, Bhai Bhahlo ji, Bhai Shalo ji, Baba Bidi Chand ji.

more info about Gurudwara Sahib @ worldgurudwaras.com

  • 1664 Sri Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji visits Kiratpur Sahib.

    Sahib Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

    Sahib Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

  • 1920 Gurudwara Chumala Sahib, Lahore came under the hand of Khalsa Panth.

    Gurdwara Chumala Sahib, Bhati Darwaja, Lahore

    Gurdwara Chumala Sahib, Bhati Darwaja, Lahore

This Gurudwara Sahib, that was hallowed by the holy touch of the feet of the Sixth Guru HarGobind Sahib, is situated inside Bhatti Darwaza in the Chumalah Muhalla. The Guru accepted the request of the Lahore Sangat and stayed for three days at the house of Bhai Jiwan, a Devotee. Bhai Jiwan, out of sheer joy of having the Guru as a house-guest, converted the place into a Gurdwara, after the holy visit. When Bhai Bidhi Chand went to Lahore twice to rescue the horses, that were siezed by the rulers, he stayed there. The sangat rendered to this holy Shrine. In A.D. 1915, the hall of this Gurdwara was extended. After some time, Mahant Hari Singh indulged in foul practices. The sangat took over the management of this place in A.D. 1920 and formed a local committee. In A.D. 1927, the S.G.P.C. took over the charge of administration of this Gurdwara. In A.D. 1947, at the time of the partition of the country, Many Singhs attained martyrdom to save the sanctity of this holy Shrine. Today this Gurudwara Sahib is near about demolished.

  • 1968 Lashman Singh Gill regine from CM post of Punjab.
  • 1977 Sant Kartar Singh Khalsa Bhindranwale cremated at Gurdwara Gurdarshan Parkash, Mehta.

    Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindranwale

    Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindranwale

Read Biography of Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindranwale

  • 1982 Sardar Gurmit Singh of Dhudkot was martyred in a false police encounter.
  • 1982 Gurmit Singh Rahon killed in fake encounter after a bomb attack on Darbara Singh, the terrorist Chief Minister of Punjab.
  • 1986 Mukhtiar Singh (killed in Cheharta, Amritsar) and more Sikhs (killed in Village Mianwali, Khemkarn) were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.
  • 1989 Khushvinder Singh (s/o S. Shamsher Singh from Buthgarh, Near Murinda, Ropar) and Kartar Singh (s/o S. Makhan Singh from Village Bhai Laddu) were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

  • 1989 On the order of SSP Gobind Ram Bibi Gurdev Kaur wife of Bhai Mehal Singh Babbar and Bibi Gurmeet Kaur wife of Shaheed Bhai Kulwant Singh Nagoke Babbar were arrested by Punjab Police without any warrant.

During 1989c SSP Gobind Ram also began to harass normal people. Finally, his evil reached its limit when he arrested the wives of Bhai Mehal Singh Babbar and Bhai Kulwant Singh Babbar. Both women worked in a bank and supported their children.

On August 21st, 1989, a van with tinted windows pulled in front of the bank. Six armed men got out and asked the women to come with them.

The women answered, “Who knows who you are? How can we go with someone we don’t even know?”

“Look at my ID. I’m Lakhwinder Singh Lakha, ASI. Now shut up and start walking with us or you’re going to be disrespected.” The ASI was yelling his threat.

The women began to yell and said, “We won’t go! How are you going to take us? You’ve got big dastaars and look like you’re the sons of Sikhs, have some shame!”

The ASI ordered his assistants, “Oy Shera! Pick them up and throw them in the van! People are going to start to gather and make a scene and our job will get harder.”. The officer followed his orders and forcibly took off the women’s dastaars, and tied their hands with them and threw them in the van. Their kirpaans were also taken off. They began to drive towards Batala’s “Beco” Interrogation Centre.

after their arrest Gobind Ram hardly & un-humanity torture those women and also use abusive language about their religion.

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Today in Sikh History: 20th August

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  • 1922 Babbar Akali Akhbar or “Babbar Akal Doaba” newspaper brought out by Karam Singh Daultpur.

    Babbar Karm Singh Daultpur (????-Sep 1 1923)

    Babbar Karm Singh Daultpur (1880-Sep 1 1923)

Read Biography of Babbar Karam Singh Daultpur

==> BABBAR AKALI DOABA – newspaper was the organ of the Babbar Akalis and it effectively spread their message in the Doaba.

In August 1922, all the leaders of the Babbar Akali Group assembled and formed a working committee in the presence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. They held elections and commenced a newspaper named ‘Babbar Akali Doaba’. The name of the Jatha was also changed to Babbar Akali Jatha. The members of the Group (Jatha)  adopted Babbar as their surname and it became famous. The confidential newspaper would have passionate and bold articles. Some posters were also printed which were pasted on the doors of the sycophants, warning/advising them to give up paths contrary to theirs lest they are pushed to bear their wrath. The newspaper had essays and poems those would incite the sentiments of the people. It was supposed to be printed at ‘Safari Press’. This name was later changed to ‘Udaroo Press’.  In all 15 issues were released from Aug. 20, 1922 to May 21, 1923. Karam Singh of Daulatpur brought out its two issues, while the rest, except three, were the work of Jathedhar Kishan Singh Gargaj. Despite best efforts, no copies of this newspapers could be located. However, all available extracts can be traced to contemporary newspapers and the court records. During the last week of August, the agitation of Guru Ka Bagh commenced where peaceful band of Akalis were beaten up mercilessly. This agitation remained active till the month of September. Jathedar Kishan Singh wrote a special letter to Shiromani Committee in this connection. He wrote that :

‘‘Why are you forcing the people to make unnecessary sacrifices and are offering them for breaking their bones? If you are desirous of complete freedom of Gurudawaras and the country, you will have to raise the sword to achieve it. If you adopt this path, I can reach Amritsar with hundreds of Jathas.”

The Secretary of the Shiromani Committee sent the letter back through the messenger who had brought it and asked him to convey to the Jathedar Sahib not to send such letters to them.

  • 1942 Protection of Sikh interests again came up in British mind. British, while preparing to leave Indian subcontinent were conscious of the fact that the Sikhs have a rightful claim to a Sikh State but did not want to create one. Mr. Amery, Secretary of State, in his letter to Viceroy linked the Sikh concern for a degree of autonomy sufficient to protect them from Muslim domination in the context of Pakistan scheme and sought to explore the various possibilities they suggest in advance of any further constitutional discussions. He came to the conclusion that a separate Sikhdom is really unworkable without extensive transfer of population, and wanted the reform department to work out contingency plans in complete secrecy.

-Ref. The Sikhs in History, by Sangat Singh, 1995

  • 1944 All Party Sikh Conference passed resolution for the creation of an independent Sikh state.
  • 1947 PEPSU established through a combination of eight regions.

    Map of PEPSU.

    Map of PEPSU.

  • 1980 Harchand Singh Longowal was elected President of the Shiromani Akali Dal. gently spoken and mild-mannered, he was assisted by a well-informed and sharp-witted writer and political commentator, of exactly his own age, Rajinder Singh, Editor of Kuami Ekta. Harchand Singh Longowal had chosen him to be his team-mate as oen of the general secretaries of the party.

-Ref. 1984 by Prof. Harbans Singh, The Sikh Review, v.42:6, No. 486, June 1994.

  • 1982 Gurmit Singh’s nails pulled out and hands burnt by Indian Police.

Gurmit Singh of the village Dhulkot (Ludhiana) was arrested on by the police. He was taken to Rahon (Jullundur) police station where the nails of his hands and feet were pulled out by the’ police and both hands burned over candles. When police failed to get any information from him, he was killed in a fake encounter.

Serving Sikh Sepoy Killed: Sital Singh of the 2nd Battalion Sikh Light Infantry of the village Malwa (Amritsar), who was suspected of stealing a sten gun to give to some extremists, was beaten up by Hindu army of- ficials on the orders from the Hindu Commanding Officer, Lt. Col. S.P. Chada. One pound of chilli powder was pushed into his rectum and was also put into his eyes. This was confirmed by the postmortem report. Later, the military authorities declared that he had been killed in a brawl by one of his colleagues. Another Sepoy of the same Battalion, Bir Singh, was also tortured, but he survived the torture.

-Ref. THE SIKHS’ STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical Perspective By Dr. Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr. Awatar Singh Sekhon. Edited By: A.T. Kerr Page 110-119

  • 1982 Sardar Manjit Singh alias Musibat Singh was killed at Rajasansi airport, Amritsar. He was shot at a point blank range by D.S.P. Bachan Singh when Manjeet Singh surrendered and came out of the plane. Subsequently, D.S.P. Bachan Singh with all the members of his family was killed except his daughter.

    Bhai Manjit Singh aka Museebat Singh

    Bhai Manjit Singh aka Museebat Singh

- Read @ NeverForget84.com

  • 1985 Harchand Singh Longowal assassinated in the Akal Parkash Gurdwara at Sherpur in Sangrur District.
    Traitor Harcharan Singh Longowal

    Traitor Harcharan Singh Longowal

    (Sant) Harchand Singh Longowal was assassinated by Bhai Jarnail Singh Halwara & Gurpal Singh Babbar.

Dead Body of Traitor Harcharan Singh Longowal

Dead Body of Traitor Harcharan Singh Longowal

  • 1987 Lakhvinder Singh was killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.
  • 1992 Gurdev Singh (s/o S. Banta Singh, from Pandori Rumana, Dist. Amritsar), Bhupinder Singh (s/o S. Joginder Singh, from Alipur, Near Shittanwala, Patiala), Sukhdev Singh Sukh (from Lalton) and Sucha Singh Joga were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.
  • 1993 Davinder Singh (s/o S. Gian Singh from Lehra, Dist. Ludhiana) was killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

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Today in Sikh History: 19th August

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  • 1590 Kar Sewa of Gurudwara Tarn Taran Sahib’s Srowar was started by Sahib Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji.

    Gurdwara Shri Tarn Taran Sahib.

    Gurdwara Shri Tarn Taran Sahib.

  • 1928 All Parties Sikh Conference rejected Nehru report.
  • 1986 Sant Narain Singh Nanakasar Kaleran (1963 to 1998) present himself on Sri Akal Takht Sahib for remission of lead and took part in Sarkari fake Sarbat Khalsa on 11 August 1984 with Santa Singh Nihang and Buta Singh Minister. He was suspended from Khalsa Panth after his took part in Sarkari fake Sarbat Khalsa.
Narain Singh Nanakasar Kaleran

Narain Singh Nanakasar Kaleran

Vedio of Narain Singh Nanaksar in that Sarkari Sarbat Khalsa: on 14 min 00sec

  • 1992 Bachitar Singh was killed in fake encounter by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

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Today in Sikh History: 18th August

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  • 1922 Karam Singh of Jhingar, Master Dalip Singh of Gossal and Kishan Singh Gargaj visit Montgomery jail to meet Master Mota Singh Ji.
    Master Mota Singh Patara.

    Master Mota Singh Patara.

    Read Biography of Master Mota Singh Ji

  • 1947 Bhagat Puran Singh Ji start his mission of Service towards humanity and founded the institute called Pingalwara meaning “the home of the crippled” with a few discarded crippled or sick patients. The word “Pingal” means “Cripple” and “wara” mean “home”. Today, this institute which is run by Bibi Dr. Inderjit Kaur Ji cares for over 1000 patients.

    Pingalwara 1947.

    Pingalwara 1947.

On 18 Aug 1947 after partition when Bhagat Puran Singh Singh Reach Amritsar from Dera Sahib, Lahore. his refugee truck drop him in Khalsa College, Amritsar where the first Refugee camp was held for victims of Partition. Bhagat visit the refugee camp which housed over 25,000 refugees with just 5 annas(0.3 rupees) in his pocket. A large number of refugees were Sick, critically wounded and incapable of nursing themselves. The government didn’t make any arrangements to take care of these refugees. Bhagat talk to principal of Khalsa College to provide help to these victims of Partition. but Principal said we are helpless on this topic and if u wish u may care them. then Bhagat Puran Singh took the initiative, he took some chloroform and Turpentine oil and started treating the wounds of the wounded. He would often go in the nearby colonies to get food for the hungry and medicine for the ill. He washed clothes of all sick patients and provide them all possible help. He beg and collect money for patients. He didn’t care about any touchable pest. He arrange food for all Patients. He did sewa continuously for 72 hours and rest for just few hour then again start sewa.

Bhagat Puran Singh Ji doing Sewa in a refugee camp

Bhagat Puran Singh Ji doing Sewa in a refugee camp

from that day he continuously did Sewa of Humanity till his last breath on 5 August 1922.

Read Biography of Bhagat Puran Singh Ji

  • 1987 Ajmair Singh and Lakhwinder Singh were killed in fake fake encounters by Punjab Police.
  • 1989 Kharkoo Singh Bhai Hazara Singh Booh (s/o S. Jaswant Singh from Booh) was killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.

On Same day Bhai Randhir Singh alias Bhai Vijaypal Singh attain Shaheedi.

-Read @ 1984Tribute.com

  • 1991 Jatinderpal Singh (s/o S. Ram Saroop from Gagarpur, Dist Kethal, Hariyana) was killed in a fake encounter by Indian Police.
  • 1992 Prabhjot Singh (s/o S. Avtar Singh from Muradpura) was killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.
  • 1993 Sukhsagar Singh (s/o S. Jatinder Singh from Behla, Dist Sangroor) and Charan Singh (s/o S. Banta Singh from Pandori Rehma, near Takht Mal, Dist Amritsar) were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

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Today in Sikh History: 17th August

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  • 1923 The Babbars are produced in court.

Read History of Babbar Akali Movement

  • 1924 12th Shahidhi Jatha of 500 valiant Akali Satyagrahies, under the leadership of Jathaedar Sardar Sucha Singh from Rode, Moga, left Amritsar for Jiato.

    pic of a Shantmae (non-violence) Shaheedi Jatha of Akaali Singhs on Jaito da Morcha 1924.

    pic of a Shantmae (non-violence) Shaheedi Jatha of Akaali Singhs on Jaito da Morcha 1924.

  • 1931 The foundation stone was laid for Sri Guru Ram Das Sarai.
  • 1947 Radcliffe Award decided the boundary between Pakistan and the Sikh Homeland.
  • 1994 Principal Satbir Singh, a renowed scholar of GurSikhism passed away in Patiala.

==> Principal Satbir Singh was in his sixties. He was the younger brother of Inderpal Singh, one of the thirteeen members, who had founded the All India Sikh Students’ Federation (AISSF). He was born in Jhehlum (now in Pakistan). He did his graduation and M.A. from Khalsa College, Amritsar, and was engrained in religious studies and interpretation of Gurbani and came under the influence of well-known theologians namely: Prof. Sahib Singh and Principal Jodh Singh. He joined Lyallpur Khalsa College, Jullunder as a lecturer and did a remarkable job in nourshing the Federation in that institution. He was elected president of AISSF on January 13, 1954 at the fifth Annual Session held at Ludhiana, and served the Federation in that capacity till November 31, 1954, when Bhai Harbans Lal (Khalsa Net member) was elected. He actively participated in the Punjabi Suba struggle and was arrested along with some other Federationists including Bhan Singh on July 4, 1955, and remained in Freozepur for about two and a half months (in jail). He was elected member of SGPC. Partap Singh Kairon then chief minister of Punjab, did not like his participation in the Punjabi Suba Struggle and at his stance, the President of the college management committe gave Satbir Singh two options: either to apologize for his past conduct or leave the college and Satbir Singh opted for the sack. After leaving the job, he acted as the Principal in Khalsa College, Yamunanagar, and later on, he became the Director of Gurmat College, Patiala.

Satbir Singh’s Contribution in Sikh Literature and History:

Pricipal Satbir Singh was on the greatest scholars of his time. He has written 16 books in Punjabi on Sikhism. Some of them are:

  1. Sau Sawal
  2. Sada Ithas (2 parts)
  3. Balio Charag
  4. Puri Hoi Karamaat
  5. Kudrati Noor
  6. Khalse Di Vaasi
  7. Ashtam Balbira
  8. Partakh Hari
  9. Purkh Bhagwant
  10. Rashia Rehat
  11. Sidhant Te Shatabdian

His contribution in interpreting Guru Granth Sahib is very significant. He has Saar Visthar of Guru Granth Sahib in four volumes (short description of Guru Granth Sahib). In addition, he has provided detailed interpretation of Guru Granth Sahib in 15 volumes.

-Ref. Illustrated History of the Sikhs by Gur Rattan Pal Singh.

  • 1992 Paramjeet Singh (s/o S. Gurdit Singh from Guru Gobind Singh Nagar, Bathinda), Baghel Singh (from Seh near Samrala, Ludhiana), Bahadur Singh Khirnia, Ashar Singh (from Gandasinghwala) and more 3 Sikhs were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

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Today in Sikh History: 16th August

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  • 1932 Communal Award announced.

The Communal Award was by the British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald on 16 August 1932 to grant separate electorates to minority communities in India, including Muslims, Sikhs, and Dalit (then known as the depressed classes or Untouchables) in India.

British PM Ramsay Macdonald

British PM Ramsay Macdonald

In August 1932, the then Prime Minister of Britain, Ramsay Macdonald gave his ‘award’ known as the Communal Award. According to it, separate representation was to be provided for the Muslims, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, Europeans, etc. The depressed classes were assigned a number of seats to be filled by election from special constituencies in which voters belonging to the depressed classes only could vote.

The Award was highly controversial and opposed by Mahatma Gandhi, who fasted in protest against it. Communal Award was supported by many among the minority communities, most notably the Dalit leader, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. After lengthy negotiations, Gandhi reached an agreement with Dr. Ambedkar to have a single Hindu electorate, with Dalits having seats reserved within it. This is called the Poona Pact. Electorates for other religions like Muslim and Sikh remained separate.

Akali Dal, the representative body of the Sikhs, was also highly critical of the Award, since only 19% reservation was provided to the Sikhs in Punjab, as opposed to the 51% reservation for the Muslims and 30% for the Hindus.

-Source: Wikipedia

  • 1940 Gandhi wrote a nasty letter to Master Tara Singh. It contained some of his preceoceived notions about Sikhs and the Akali movement. It was also influenced by the Punjab Congress’s solid support of Subash Chandra Bose for the Presidentship of the Congress vis a vis Pattabhi Sitaramayya, Ghandhi’s nominee. Gandhi wrote:

“As I told you, in my opinion, you have nothing in common with the Congress nor the Congress with you. You believe in the rule of the sword, the Congress does not . Your civil disobedience is purely a branch of violence. I am quite clear in my mind that being in the Congress, you weaken your community, and weaken the Congress. You have to be either fully nationalist or frankly communal and therefore dependent upon the British or other foreign power.”

Although this letter created a storm in the Sikh press and basically ignore the threat posed by Gandhi and Congress to the Sikhs.

-Ref. The Sikhs in History, by Sangat Singh, 1995.

  • 1965 Sant Fateh Singh announced another fast unto death for Punjabi Suba.

    Sant Fateh Singh (1911-1972)

    Sant Fateh Singh (1911-1972)

  • 1977 Mahapurkh Puran Brahmgiyani Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindrawale passed away.
    Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindranwale

    Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindranwale

    Sant Kartar Singh Jee Khalsa was born in 1932 AD, to Mata Labh Kaur & Jathedar Chanda Singh Jee, V. Purane Poore, Tehsil Kasoor, Dist. Lahore, it is now in Dist. Amritsar. On 3 August 1977 AD they were travelling from V. Maleeha (n) (Jalandhar) to Solan and at the station Hussaainpur (near Ludhiana), their car crashed into a tree – where they were critically injured. They were taken to C.M.C. Hospital. They ascended to Sachkhand here on 16 August 1977. The Gurdwara Gurdarshan Parkash, which they built in memory of Sant Gurbachan Singh Jee Khalsa at Mehta was where they were cremated on 21st August 1977.

    Antim Darshan of Saroop of Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindranwale

    Antim Darshan of Saroop of Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindranwale

Read Biography of Sant Kartar Singh Ji Khalsa Bhindranwale

  • 1988 Gurmeet Singh (from Changra, Mandi Gobindgarh) killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.
  • 1989 Jasbeer Singh (s/o S. Joginder Singh from Bahadur Nagar, Amritsar) killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.
  • 1992 Mana Singh (s/o S. Gurdeep Singh from Nathuwal, near Moga) and Darshan Singh (s/o S. Jageer Singh from Lasoe Dist Sangroor) were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twareekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

Today in Sikh History: 15th August

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  • 1923 The case of the Babbar Akali was initiated.
  • 1924 10th Shahidhi Jatha of 500 Akalis, led by Sardar Visakha Singh Daftur (Lahore), courted arrest on reaching Jaito.

    Jaito da Morcha: The Police shooting at the peacefully protesting Jatha

    Jaito da Morcha: The Police shooting at the peacefully protesting Jatha

  • 1947 The Sikh Homeland handed over to the Hindus against the wishes of the Sikh nation and divided into East and West Punjab.

Punjab was divided into East and West Punjab. A major segment of the Sikh community was uprooted from their ancestoral land and forced to migrate to India. This day marks the Independence day for India. Though citizens of India, the Sikh community encountered organized and pre-meditated killings of their members, looting of all their worldly possessions, and general human suffering and deprivation that is unparalleled in the history of humankind. Over two lakh Sikhs gave their lives in search of freedom while being forcibly migrated to East Punjab. However, until today the independence promise remains unfulfilled for the Sikh community. The community itself continues to persists in petty internal squibled, allow others to dictate terms, and is unable to establish its own sovereign state where Sikhs may prosper without any restriction. More than the lost lives, dearer than homes and lands left behind, was the Holy Nankana Sahib, the birth place of Guru Nanak Dev. Numerous other historical Gurudwaras were also left behind with their fates unknown.

15 August – Partition of India or Punjab?

Punjab before Partition of 15 Aug 1947

Punjab before Partition of 15 Aug 1947

Freedom is the birth right of every living person. It is a boon and an eternal blessing. Slavery or subjugation on the other hand is a stigma, shame and curse. Every living creature on this planet wants to enjoy the spirit of freedom. And every spirited Quam with living soul wants to break its fetters to attain freedom.  Even a gold cage cannot lure a person with conscience to slavery.

Slavery has two dimensions – overt and covert. It is the physical slavery first and then there is slavery of the soul. History is a witness to those who, even after being shackled physically had their soul and spirit free. Epics and stories of resistance of such heroes became hallmarks of willpower and courage for the coming generations. Those who dared walk on this path shaped the future of their Quam.

On 14 August, 1947 the Union Jack that was ruling over India was split into two – a green coloured flag with crescent and a star, and the tricolour flag with Ashoka chakkra in the middle. Pakistan was thus born out of India. Although firanghees decided to leave India/Pakistan on the same day but thanks to the superstitious beliefs of the Indian leaders that they agreed to be occupied for a day longer because 14th was not regarded as an auspicious day. However, Pakistan got freedom on 14th August, and India a day after on 15th August, 1947.

Freedom came to India not because of the spinning wheel or as a fluke. It was dawned on India because of the innumerable sacrifices of the ‘Ghadharites‘, ‘Indian National Army’, the ‘Akalis’, ‘Babbar Akalis’, other revolutionaries and the stubborn resistance throughout India that inflamed the passion for freedom. In addition to this, World War-II and the trembling situation in England expedited the departure of the British from India.

It is a historical fact that during the freedom struggle there were three major political parties in India that were involved in negotiations with the British government. These were recognized as representatives of the three major nationalities living in the Indian peninsula. These were ‘Hindu Congress’, ‘Muslim League’ and the ‘Akali Dal’ representing Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs respectively. During the parleys, Congress and its godfather, Mahatma Gandhi, on many occasions, had asserted their opposition to the division of India on communal grounds, which according to them was akin dissecting the ‘Mother India’. Mahatma Gandhi had vowed not to accept the ‘two nation theory’ put forward by the Muslim League under any circumstances. On the other side the Muslim League had made its stand amply clear that they could no longer co-exist with the Hindus. They asked for partitioning the country into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan.

Then came the royal betrayal. Completely ignoring the Sikhs, Congress accepted the ‘two nation theory’ of Muslim League and presented Raja-Gandhi formula, thus accepting the demand of creation of Pakistan.  Under this formula India was being divided in such a manner that the Pakistan boundary would touch Karnal.  This division of India was splitting Sikhs into two parts. Half of them would come under the rule of Muslim Pakistan, and the remaining half under its arch enemy Hindu India. This death dealing situation meant the greatest ever danger to the Sikhs in their history.

Sikh leadership at that time was blessed by Rider of the Blue Horsewith the wisdom and far-sightedness.  Under the stewardship of Master Tara Singh, Akali Dal rejected this Congress-League conspiracy and made it clear that if India was to be divided purely on communal basis then the Sikhs, who are the legitimate heirs of Punjab, would demand their share in Punjab and asked for its division too. Hindus and Muslims asked for the division of India and a response to this was the division of Punjab by the Sikhs.

The present map of India is thus the gift from Sikhs to the free India.  This demand was not only the biggest blow to the Congress’ dream to broke a deal on their own terms, but also to the Muslim League who wanted to bring the whole of Punjab and Bengal under their renewed notion of ‘Mughal Raj’.

Meanwhile realizing that now the division of Punjab was inevitable, both the Congress and Muslim League lured the Sikhs to stay in India and Pakistan respectively. But it was because of the determination of Master Tara Singh and his historic gesture outside Lahore Assembly, where he lifted the Sri Sahib and shouted‘Pakistan Murdabad’, ‘death to Pakistan’, which devastated the obnoxious plans of Congress and Muslim League.

That the British were actually promising the Sikhs an independent homeland but the Sikh leadership of that time was lured by the Hindus to turn it down. Then injustice, discrimination, breach of promises, and atrocities committed upon Sikhs in independent India fueled this myth. The motive of this was clearly  to create a wedge between the Sikhs and their genuine panthic leadership.

The contributions of Sikhs are unparallel in contemporary history. It is a shame that the contribution of the Sikhs and its leadership towards freedom struggle have been completely ignored by India and its people. As Indians celebrate their independence day every year, Sikhs can only hope that their unparallel sacrifices will finally get their respectable place in the hearts and minds of those who are now enjoying the essence of freedom and One Day Sikh get there Separate Free Sikh State named Khalistan.

  • 1951 The Times of India reported that the Sikhs were opposed to Hindu-Congress because each and every demand of the Sikhs was opposed by the Congress.

Especially in Punjab, Congress and its supporters have always looked upon Sikhs as their enemy. No Indian leader has ever tried to understand the Sikh problems. Sikhs have no choice but to demand a Punjabi State. They wish to safeguard their distinct identity, language and religion. Setting up a Punjabi State is the solution to the Sikh problem. (Times of India, 15 August 1951)

Must Read History of Punjabi Subha Movement

  • 1960 Sikhs observe Indian independence day as Ghulami (Slavery) Day.

On this Day Sikhs in Delhi flown Black Balloons in front of Red Fort of Delhi while Nehru was giving speech on Independence Day of India. During the speech of Nehru Some young Sikh Guys start’s the slogans of “Punjabi Subha….Zindabad”. Nehru became angry upon this. not enough during Nehru’s Speech Akalis flown Hundreds of Black Balloons from Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib. “Punjabi Subha….Zindabad” was written in Punjabi, Hindi, & English on these all Black Balloons.

in this speech Nehru oppose Punjabi Suba in his all speech. He mention Sikhs as liars and thief. this was due to his afraidness from Punjabi Suba Morcha.

Must Listen this Speech of Nehru:

  • 1960 Master Tara Singh begins fast unto death.

    Master Tara Singh (1885-1967)

    Master Tara Singh (1885-1967)

Master Tara Singh begins fast unto death to protest against the discriminatory attitude of the government in not forming a Punjabi Speaking State demanded by the Sikhs although the rest of India had been reorganized on linguistic basis. On Aug. 28th, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Prime Minister of India, made a statement in the Indian Parliament declaring:

“It had repeatedly been said that there was discrimination against the Sikhs thhough instance of this had not been pointed out. I suggested, however, that if there was any such apprehension, a high level inquiry could be made into the matter to find out if there had been any such discrimination.”

On the basis of this offer, Master Tara Singh was prevailed upon to break his fast on Oct. 1.

  • 1969 Shaheed Baba Darshan Singh Pheruman launched his fast until death to force resolution of Punjab demands from Indian central government.

    Baba Darshan Singh Pheruman

    Baba Darshan Singh Pheruman

Read Biography of Baba Darshan Singh Pheruman

  • 1980 Dal Khalsa hoisted Khalistan flag throughout the Sikh Homeland.
  • 1988 Bomb Expert Bhai Makhan Singh Babbar (arrested on 12 August 1988) and Gurmaij Singh Chachwali were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.
  • 1989 Kulwant Singh (s/o S. Shingara Singh from Fatehgarh Churian) was killed in a fake encounter by Punjab Police.
  • 1991 Gurmeet Singh (s/o S. Surjeet Singh from Rahi Basti, Nanaksar, Barnala), Gurmej Singh (s/o S. Sulakhan Singh from Chachowali), Paramjeet Singh aka Pamma (s/o S. Sucha Singh from Naushehar Dhala Khasa, Tarn Taran), Narinderpal Singh (s/o S. Hari Singh from Kasel Khasa) were killed in fake encounters by Punjab Police.

-Ref “Sikh Twaarekh” by Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

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